Academic performance enhancement
People with ADHD tend to obtain poorer academic results due to difficulties they face managing time and organising and planning academic tasks, and the fact that they are easily distracted. We do not have quality studies which indicate whether medication for treating ADHD improves the academic performance of patients with the disorder.
How is ADHD related to academic performance?
Numerous studies, the majority conducted in the United States, have found that people with ADHD are more likely to exhibit problem behaviour in class, have poorer reading and maths test scores, perform less well academically, have a shorter period of schooling and higher dropout rates than those without ADHD. This poor academic performance partly explains why people with ADHD have lower paying jobs, and therefore lower socioeconomic status.
These poorer academic results are probably due to the fact that people with ADHD have difficulty organizing and managing time, and planning academic tasks, and are easily distracted.
As the majority of studies have been conducted in the United States, it is difficult to extrapolate the results to countries with other education systems.